A Guide to Pressure Management.
Our range of bedding and seating cater for our clients who are at a low to high risk of developing Pressure Sores.
According to your sound clinical judgment, you can choose any one of our mattresses for patients who are currently suffering from any one of the four stages of pressure sores, in conjunction with your policy on pressure area management.
There are four stages of pressure sores, also known as “bedsores” or “pressure ulcers”. A pressure sore is rated in stages, depending on devastation to the body.
STAGE 1: Symptoms include changes in skin temperature (warmth or coolness), tissue consistency (firm or boggy feel), and/or sensation (pain, itching). The ulcer appears as a defined area of persistent redness in lightly pigmented skin. In darker skin tones, the ulcer may appear with persistent red, blue, or purple hues. A Stage 1 bedsore is a warning to caregivers and/or family members to adjust their seating or bedding, because bedsores develop quickly and progress rapidly.
STAGE 2: Symptoms include partial thickness skin loss involving epidermis(top layer of skin), dermis, or both. At this stage the ulcer is superficial and looks like as an abrasion, blister, or shallow crater. Once a bedsore gets past this stage it becomes much harder to treat.
STAGE 3: Symptoms include full thickness skin loss involving damage to, or death of, the subcutaneous tissue that may extend down to, but not through, underlying connective tissue (fascia). The wound will look like a fairly deep crater, black at its edges. Warning: a stage three needs urgent changes in bedding and seating standards.
STAGE 4: Symptoms include full thickness skin loss with extensive destruction, tissue death, and/or damage to muscle, bone, or supporting structures (e.g., tendon, joint, capsule). They will look like a large, deep, open wound revealing bone and connective tissue. Warning, a stage four bedsore is extremely disturbing to see.